Hedge. We should start arranging a garden by setting up a hedge. It can be formed by trees or shrubs of one species, densely planted and often trimmed, or various species of trees and shrubs are evenly and loosely planted. You can grow crops under the hedge.
The space separated by the "living fence" constitutes a separate ecosystem and does not disturb the landscape. A hedge not only affects air movement and temperature in the garden, but it is the habitat of various useful animals.
Foil tunnel. It is the cheapest auxiliary agent designed to protect plants against unfavorable weather and allow them to grow faster. In foil tunnels it is possible to harvest 2-3 weeks earlier than in the ground, because the temperature rises significantly during the day, and at night it only drops slightly.
The skeleton of the tunnel is made of metal rods with a diameter 8 mm or from strong wire poles. The rods are driven into the ground to a depth of approx 30 cm. The foil is purchased in the form of a sleeve of various widths, most often 0.4-1.2 m. The dimensions of the foil tunnel are adjusted to the size of the bed. Hubcaps or small portable tunnels are very convenient to use. They are mainly suitable for the production of seedlings and low plants. A small greenhouse. Greenhouse yields are always better than field crops or inspections, both in terms of quantity, and quality. The greenhouse can be used as:
— zimną, without heating;
— umiarkowanie ogrzewaną (winter temperature above 0 ° C);
— ogrzewaną co najmniej do 15°C.
Only in a well-heated greenhouse you can successfully cultivate e.g.. cucumbers on the ropes. It is advisable to divide the greenhouse into two parts. This makes it possible to separate the cultivation of cucumbers from tomatoes, because each of these species has different moisture and heat requirements. Greenhouses can be built free-standing or adjacent to the south wall of the building with a one-sided roof. The use of a building wall reduces the cost of building a greenhouse.
Sad. In larger gardens, fruit trees and shrubs can be grown in a specially designated part of the garden. In the small ones, different scraps of land are used, slopes and nooks for planting trees and shrubs, making, that they also play a decorative role. Fruit bushes can also be planted around the garden border or individual quarters, np. separate the vegetable garden from the rest. Fruit trees can be led in the form of a row next to the wires or shaped into a spherical shape of crowns. Tall trees, free-standing ones can shade the children's play area, they can also be planted on the lawn or against the wall of the house. On average, one tree and two shrubs or 20-25 m2 of fruit crops are enough to meet the consumption needs of one person. So for a family of four you need approx 100 m2.