Birds in the garden
During winter, many people feed birds near their home, on the balcony or on the window. Children in particular should be allowed to feed the birds, because watching them up close is a lot of fun. Let's think about active tits, bullfinches with a red-tinged breast or yellow bunches.
It is a great experience to meet a woodpecker or a grosbeak - a shapeless bird, very thick beak and colorful plumage. The garden plotter should create a safe nesting place for his feathered friends in the garden, for which he will be handsomely rewarded.
In a hedge or brush, twigs can be tied with a string or raffia (not with wire) and thus create a convenient place to build a nest. This operation is performed in the spring, when the first small leaves will appear on the bushes. Almost all shrubs are suitable for this. Shortening a few branches just below the one-year shoot, np. on the rake, hawthorn or euonymus causes several new shoots to grow, which are a suitable place for a new nest.
However, this is not enough for all bird species. For example, tit and wagtail require different conditions for nesting. You can make it easier for them by hanging special birdhouses. Such houses (np. Berlepscha dome) can be made on your own or purchased in a special store. In general, there are two cottages on 100 m2 of garden area. However, it also depends on local conditions. In larger gardens, the distance between the birdhouses should be between 15 do 20 meters. This distance may be smaller in small gardens, it is greater in large parks. The height also varies, on which birdhouses are placed. In places, where there are no cats and too curious children, they can be hung at a height of 2–2.5 meters. On older trees, the houses can be mounted on a trunk or thick branches. The house outlet should be on the south side–eastern or eastern, therefore leeward, which makes it easier for birds to leave the house. Birds are often attacked and destroyed by cats or martens. This can be prevented by hanging the houses on a strong wire, so that they can swing freely in the air. Houses permanently fixed on a trunk or a branch should be protected with special barbed wire covers or barbed branches.. In places with high risk of martens, two sheet metal covers must be installed. One should be there 1 m above the cottage. and the other 1 m below the cottage. If there are many birds in the garden, there should be a bathing place for them, which is also the source of the drinking odes. Such a small stone tank can be an additional decoration of the garden.