Shade-loving and highly growing perennials

Shade-loving perennials are irreplaceable in all places of the garden with a northern or north-eastern exposure, obscured by tall trees, a hedge or a house wall, where there are no suitable conditions for many ornamental plants. Before planting them, it is only necessary to enrich the soil with humus, by adding leaf soil, peat and light clay. Heavy soil is loosened by adding coarse sand or composted wood chips. In autumn, leaves are not ruffled, but the opposite – an additional layer of leaves is poured over the plants, peat or garden soil, to protect against frost. These materials will decompose by spring; when not unfolded, you need to dig shallowly. During vegetation, the soil is mulched with peat or leaves, which limits the growth of weeds. Abundant irrigation during drought and manual weeding is necessary, because these plants have very shallow roots and could be damaged by a hoe or rake. Under good conditions, plants can grow very quickly, for example, in the first and second years, makleaya covers an area of ​​several square meters and only then becomes less expansive.

High-growing perennials, like the aforementioned makleaya or rodgersya, the sting or foxglove is planted on the back, and before them lower and lower species. Inconspicuous plants: anemone, bergenię, the cranberry is planted several pieces, and plants with splendid flowers, e.g.: lily, pane, tojad – singly. They are complemented by grasses: wisatka and miscanthus and, irreplaceable in shady places, ferns, e.g.: male armlet, female common room. The leaves of the hoof and marsh grass cover the ground well. Shrubs are worth recommending: ivy, rhododendron, dwarf pine (mountain pine mountain pine).